Hitachi Ltd. engages in the manufacture and sale of electrical equipment. It operates through the following segments: IT, Energy, Industry, Mobility, Smart Life, Hitachi High Technologies, Hitachi Construction Machinery and Hitachi Metals. The IT segment handles system integration, consulting, control systems, cloud service, software, IT products such as storage and servers and automated teller machines. The Energy segment pertains to power generation system (nuclear power, renewable energy, thermal power) and power grid systems. The Industry segment covers industrial and distribution system, water and environment system and industrial equipment. The Mobility segment includes building systems like elevators and escalators and also includes railway systems. The Smart Life segment manages medical equipment, life and ecosystem equipment such as refrigerators, washing machines, room air conditioners and commercial air conditioners, automotive systems including powertrain systems, chassis systems and advanced driving support systems. The Hitachi High Technologies segment covers medical/life science products, analytical equipment, semiconductor manufacturing equipment, manufacturing/inspection equipment and advanced industrial materials. The Hitachi Construction Machinery segment handles hydraulic excavators, wheel loaders, mining machines, maintenance/service, civil engineering solutions and mining operation management systems. The Hitachi Metals segment manages special steel products, base material products, magnetic materials/power electronics and wire materials. The company was founded by Namihei Odaira in 1910 and is headquartered in Tokyo, Japan.